Embhalweni

Ukuphathwa kolwazi lomuntu siqu

Le webhusayithi (kamuva ebizwa ngokuthi "leli sayithi") isebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obufana namakhukhi namathegi ngenhloso yokwenza ngcono ukusetshenziswa kwaleli sayithi ngamakhasimende, ukukhangisa okususelwa kumlando wokufinyelela, ukuqonda isimo sokusetshenziswa kwaleli sayithi, njll. Ukwenza . Ngokuchofoza inkinobho "Ngiyavuma" noma leli sayithi, uyavuma ukusetshenziswa kwamakhukhi ngezinhloso ezingenhla kanye nokwabelana ngemininingwane yakho nabalingani bethu kanye nosonkontileka.Mayelana nokuphathwa kwemininingwane yomuntu siquInqubomgomo Yobumfihlo Yenhlangano Yokukhuthaza I-Ota WardSicela ubheke ku-.

Ngiyavuma

Iphepha lobudlelwano bomphakathi / imininingwane

Iphepha Lemininingwane Yezobuciko Bamasiko E-Ota Ward "ART bee HIVE" vol.6 + bee!


Ikhishwe ngo-Ephreli 2021, 4

vol.6 Ukukhishwa kwentwasahloboPDF

Iphepha Lemininingwane Yezobuciko Bamasiko E-Ota Ward "i-ART bee HIVE" yiphepha lolwazi lekota eliqukethe imininingwane ngamasiko nezobuciko bendawo, esanda kushicilelwa yi-Ota Ward Cultural Promotion Association kusukela ekwindla ka-2019.
"I-BEE HIVE" isho isidleke sezinyosi.
Ngokubambisana nentatheli yesigceme "uMitsubachi Corps" eqoqwe ngokuqashwa okuvulekile, sizoqoqa imininingwane yobuciko bese siyithumela kuwo wonke umuntu!
Ku - "+ bee!", Sizothumela imininingwane ebingangeniswa ephepheni.

I-athikili yesici: IDenenchofu, idolobha u-Eiichi Shibusawa aphupha ngalo + ngezinyosi!

Njengoba ingakakhiwa, ungawaqaphela ngokukhululekile amaphupho akho.
"Mnu. Takahisa Tsukiji, Umphathi Womnyuziyamu wase-Ota Ward Folk Museum"

IDenenchofu ifana nezindawo zokuhlala ezisezingeni eliphakeme eJapan, kepha bekuyindawo yasemakhaya ebizwa nge-Uenumabe naseShimonumabe.Kwakungenxa yephupho lomuntu ukuthi indawo enjalo izalwe kabusha.Igama lale ndoda ngu-Eiichi Shibusawa.Ngalesi sikhathi, sibuze uMnu. Takahisa Tsukiji, umphathi we-Ota Ward Folk Museum, mayelana nokuzalwa kukaDenenchofu.

UDenenchofu wayeyindawo enjani phambilini?

"Esikhathini se-Edo, amadolobhana ayeyingxenye eyisisekelo yomphakathi. Uhla lwamadolobhana i-Uenumabe Village neShimumabe Village yilokho okubizwa ngokuthi yiDenenchofu range. IDenenchofu 1-chome, 2-chome, kanye nemisebe yamanje i-Shimonumabe itholakala ku-3-chome Indawo yokuqala ukuhlala. Njengasekuqaleni kwenkathi yeMeiji, inani labantu lalingama-882. Inani lemizi laliyi-164. Kodwa-ke, kwakhiqizwa ukolweni nezinhlamvu ezixubile, nelayisi lalikhiqizwa ezindaweni eziphansi, kepha kubonakala sengathi Inani lamasimu e-paddy lalilincane kule ndawo, ikakhulukazi ukulima phezulu. "

Intuthuko iso Denenchofu isithombe
I-Denenchofu ngaphambi kokuthuthukiswa Inikezwe yi: Tokyu Corporation

Yini eshintshe leyo mizi ...

"Ngingu-Eiichi Shibusawa *, ubaba wobungxiwankulu waseJapan. Ekuqaleni kwenkathi yaseTaisho, ngangicabanga ngedolobha lokuqala laseJapane elinezingqalasizinda eziphilayo futhi ligcwele imvelo.
Kusukela ekubuyiselweni kweMeiji, iJapan izothuthukisa ukwenziwa kwezimboni ngokushesha ngaphansi kwenqubomgomo yamasosha acebile.Ngenxa yempi yaseRussia-Japan kanye neMpi Yezwe I, amafektri achuma edolobheni langaphambili laseTokyo (cishe ngaphakathi kweYamanote Line nangasemfuleni iSumida).Ngemuva kwalokho, inani labantu abasebenza lapho lizokhula ngokuqina.Amafektri nezindlu kugxilwe kakhulu.Ngokwemvelo, isimo senhlanzeko siyawohloka.Kungakuhle ukusebenza, kepha kunzima ukuphila. "

UShibusawa ungumuntu omkhulu kwezomnotho nakwezimboni, kepha kungani wazibandakanya ekuthuthukisweni kwamadolobha?

"UShibusawa uhambele phesheya selokhu kuphele i-shogunate yaseTokugawa. Kungenzeka ukuthi uke wabona idolobha langaphandle futhi wezwa umehluko waseJapan.
UShibusawa uthathe umhlalaphansi emsebenzini ngo-1916 (Taisho 5).Bekungunyaka owedlule lapho ngiqale ukubamba iqhaza ekwakhiweni kwamadolobha engadi, futhi izikhathi ziyagqagqana.Ukuthatha umhlalaphansi emsebenzini osebenzayo kusho ukuthi akusadingeki ukuthi uboshwe emaketangeni omhlaba webhizinisi noma imboni.Kuthiwa kulungile ukwakha idolobha elingenzi nzuzo elingabeki phambili kuphela imiphumela yezomnotho, noma ukuthi ukuthatha umhlalaphansi emsebenzini osebenzayo kungenye yezimbangela. "

Kungani iDenenchofu yakhethwa njengendawo yokuthuthukisa?

"Ngo-1915 (Taisho 4), uYaemon Hata, owayengunobhala we-Yukio Ozaki, owayesebenza njengemeya yaseTokyo kanye noNgqongqoshe wezoBulungiswa, wavakashela eShibusawa namavolontiya endawo banxenxa ngentuthuko. Kwakungaphambilini. Ngenxa yesikhalazo , iswishi yavulwa eShibusawa, okwase kuyisikhathi eside yazi ngale nkinga. Ngiyabazi ubulili. I-Rural City Co, Ltd. yasungulwa ngo-1918 (Taisho 7). "

Isiteshi saseDenenchofu ekuqaleni kwentuthuko
Isiteshi saseDenenchofu ekuqaleni kwentuthuko Inikezwe yi: Tokyu Corporation

Wawuyini umqondo wentuthuko?

"Kuyinto yentuthuko njengendawo yokuhlala. Yindawo yokuhlala yasemakhaya. Yindawo yasemakhaya enokuthuthuka okuncane, ukuze ukwazi ukufeza amaphupho akho ngokukhululeka.
Okokuqala, umhlaba uphakeme.Ungadideki.Futhi ugesi, igesi, namanzi kuyasebenza.Ukuhamba okuhle.Lawa maphuzu amaphuzu lapho uthengisa indlu ngaleso sikhathi. "

UHideo Shibusawa, indodana ka-Eiichi Shibusawa, uzoba yindoda ebalulekile entuthukweni yangempela.

"U-Eiichi Shibusawa usungule inkampani, futhi inkampani uqobo ibiphethwe yindodana yakhe uHideo.
U-Eiichi udonsela kubangani abahlukahlukene abavela kwezamabhizinisi ukusungula inkampani, kepha bonke sebengomongameli kwenye indawo, ngakho-ke ababandakanyeki ebhizinisini ngokugcwele.Ngakho-ke, ukuze ngigxile ekuthuthukisweni kwedolobha lengadi, ngangeza indodana yami uHideo. "

UHideo uvakashele amazwe aseNtshonalanga ngaphambi kwentuthuko yangempela.

"Ngihlangane noSt. Francis Wood, idolobha lasemaphandleni emaphethelweni eSan Francisco." IDenenchofu "yalingiswa ngemuva kwaleli dolobha. Ekungeneni kwedolobha, njengesango noma itshe lesikhumbuzo. Kukhona isakhiwo sesiteshi kule ndawo, futhi imigwaqo ihlelwe ngephethini yomsakazo egxile esiteshini.Lokhu futhi kuyazi ngeParis eFrance, futhi kuthiwa isakhiwo sesiteshi sisebenza njengesango lokubuya elinqobayo.Umthombo wamanje I-rotary nayo nayo isuka ekuqaleni kwentuthuko .
Ukwakhiwa kwesitayela saseNtshonalanga nakho kwakhiwa kucatshangelwa idolobha elingaphandle.Kodwa-ke, noma ngabe ingaphandle lingelesitayela saseNtshonalanga, uma ungena ngaphakathi, kubonakala sengathi zaziziningi izitayela zaseJapan nezaseNtshonalanga, ezinjengamata we-tatami, lapho umndeni ngemuva udla ilayisi ngesikhathi segumbi lokudweba laseNtshonalanga.Kwakungekho izitayela eziningi zaseNtshonalanga ngokuphelele.Akunjalo neze ngezindlela zokuphila zaseJapan. "

Kuthiwani ngobubanzi bomgwaqo?

"Ububanzi bomgwaqo omkhulu bungamamitha ayi-13. Angicabangi ukuthi kuyamangaza manje, kodwa kubanzi impela ngaleso sikhathi. Izihlahla eziseceleni komgwaqo nazo zakha inkathi. Kubukeka sengathi izihlahla zinemibala kanye ne-3 chome yonke ibukeka njengeqabunga le-ginkgo. Futhi, isilinganiso semigwaqo, izindawo eziluhlaza namapaki ngu-18% womhlaba wokuhlala. Lokhu kuphakeme impela. Ngisho nasenkabeni yeTokyo ngaleso sikhathi, icishe ibe yi-10 Ngoba icishe ibe ngu-%. "

Mayelana namanzi nendle, kwakuthuthukile ngaleso sikhathi ukuthi ngangiyazi kakhulu indle.

"Ngicabanga ukuthi kunjalo. Akubanga nje isikhathi esingakanani ngaphambi kokuthi i-Ota Ward uqobo ikwazi ukugcina kahle uhlelo lokuhambisa indle. Esikhathini esedlule, amanzi angcolile asekhaya abekhishelwa emzileni wamanzi omdala weRokugo Aqueduct. Inethiwekhi ebizwa ngokuthi indle yenziwa. ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ngicabanga ukuthi ngeye-40. "

Kuyamangaza ukuthi bekukhona amapaki nezinkundla zethenisi njengengxenye yentuthuko yasemadolobheni.

"IHorai Park neDenen Tennis Club (kamuva eyiDenen Coliseum). IHorai Park ishiye indawo eyayiyindawo yasemaphandleni ekuqaleni njengepaki. Ihlathi elinjalo elixubile lalisendaweni yonke yaseDenenchofu, kodwa intuthuko yasemadolobheni Bese, yize kunjalo wabiza idolobha lasemaphandleni, izinsalela zokuqala zikaMusashino ziyanyamalala. Yingakho iDenen Coliseum iphinde yavula kabusha indawo eyayiyinkundla ye-baseball njengenkundla enkulu yeDenen Tennis Club. "

Uhlelo lwendawo yokuhlala iTamagawadai
Ukubukwa okuphezulu kwendawo yokuhlala iTamagawadai Inikezwe yi: Ota Ward Folk Museum

Kungumuzi lapho kufezeke khona amaphupho.

"Ngo-1923 (Taisho 12), kwaba khona ukuzamazama komhlaba okuyi-Great Kanto Earth futhi kwabhujiswa nendawo yedolobha.Izindlu bezigcwele abantu umlilo usabalale kwadala umonakalo omkhulu.Izindlu ezigcwele udoti ziyingozi, ngakho-ke umhlabathi uzinzile ezindaweni eziphakeme, futhi umfutho wokuhlala endaweni esemaphandleni ukhulile.Lokho kuzoba ngumsila, futhi iDenenchofu izokwandisa inani lezakhamizi ngasikhathi sinye.Ngawo lowo nyaka, kwavulwa isiteshi i- "Chofu", kwathi ngo-1926 (Taisho 15) saqanjwa kabusha ngokuthi "iDenenchofu", kwathi uDenenchofu wazalwa ngegama nangeqiniso. "

Iphrofayili


Ⓒ KAZNIKI

Umgcini we-Ota Ward Folk Museum.
Emnyuziyamu, uphethe imisebenzi yocwaningo, yocwaningo, neyombukiso ehlobene nezinto zomlando jikelele, futhi udonsa kanzima nsuku zonke ukuhambisa umlando wesifunda emphakathini wendawo. Kuvele ohlelweni oludumile lwe-NHK i- "Bura Tamori".

Izinto eziyizethenjwa

Okucashunwe ku "Aobuchi Memoir" ngu-Eiichi Shibusawa

"Impilo yasedolobheni ayinazo izinto zemvelo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, lapho idolobha likhula ngokwengeziwe, izakhi zemvelo ziyantuleka empilweni yomuntu. Ngenxa yalokho, ayinomphumela omubi kuphela ekuziphatheni, kepha futhi nasemzimbeni. Iphinde ibe nokubi umphumela kwezempilo, okhubaza umsebenzi, ukuwohloka kwengqondo, futhi kwandisa inani leziguli ezinobuthakathaka bememori.
Abantu abakwazi ukuphila ngaphandle kwemvelo. (Ikhishiwe) Ngakho-ke, i- "Garden City" ibilokhu ithuthuka eBrithani nase-United States cishe iminyaka engama-20.Ukukubeka nje, leli dolobha lensimu yidolobha elihlanganisa imvelo, futhi liyidolobha elinokunambitheka okucebile kwezindawo zasemakhaya okubonakala kungukuvumelana phakathi kwezindawo zasemakhaya nedolobha.
Noma ngibona iTokyo ikhula ngesivinini esikhulu, ngifuna ukudala okuthile okufana nedolobha lezingadi ezweni lethu ukuvala iziphambeko ezithile zempilo yasemadolobheni. ".

"I-Garden City Information Pamphlet" ngesikhathi sokuthengisa
  • Edolobhaneni lethu lengadi, sizogxila endaweni yokuhlala esezingeni eliphakeme eqonda efemini enkulu ebizwa ngeTokyo City.Ngenxa yalokhu, sihlose ukwakha indawo yokuhlala esesitayeleni namaphethelo ngezinga eliphakeme lokuphila.
  • Amadolobha engadi eJapan anqunyelwe ekwakhiweni kwezindlu kuphela, futhi inqobo nje uma indawo yasemakhaya imboziwe, indawo lapho indlu yakhiwe khona kufanele ihlangabezane nalezi zidingo ezilandelayo.
    (XNUMX) Yenza umhlaba wome futhi ungenacala emkhathini.
    (XNUMX) Ukuma komhlaba kufanele kube kuhle futhi kufanele kube nezihlahla eziningi.
    ③ Indawo kufanele okungenani ibe yi-10 tsubo (cishe ama-33 square metres).
    Transportation Yiba nezinto zokuhamba ezizokuvumela ukuthi ufinyelele enkabeni yedolobha kungakapheli ihora.
    ⑤ Qedela i-telegraph, ucingo, isibani, igesi, amanzi, njll.
    Are Kunezinsiza ezifana nezibhedlela, izikole, namakilabhu.
    ⑦ Yiba nezindawo zenhlalo ezifana nenyunyana yabathengi.
Uhlelo oluyisisekelo lukaHideo Shibusawa
  • Isakhiwo sesiteshi esingokomfanekiso
  • Uhlelo lwemisebe eyindilinga egxilile
  • Ububanzi bomgwaqo (trunk road 13m, minimum 4m)
  • Isihlahla somgwaqo
  • I-18% yemigwaqo, izikhala eziluhlaza namapaki
  • Ukufakwa kwamanzi nendle
"I-Garden City Information Pamphlet" ngesikhathi sokuthengisa
  • Not Ungakhi izakhiwo ezingakhathaza abanye.
  • (XNUMX) Uma kufanele kunikezwe umgoqo, kufanele ube nenhle futhi ube nenhle.
  • ③ Isakhiwo kufanele sibe sesitezi sesithathu noma ngaphansi.
  • ④ Indawo yokwakha izoba phakathi kwama-XNUMX% womhlaba wokuhlala.
  • ⑤ Ibanga phakathi komugqa wokwakha nomgwaqo kufanele libe yi-1/2 yobubanzi bomgwaqo.
  • ⑥ Izindleko zomphakathi zendlu zizoba yi-120 yen noma ngaphezulu nge-tsubo ngayinye.
  • Izitolo zizogxila eduze kwesiteshi ngokuhlukile nendawo yokuhlala.
  • Ab Ukusungulwa kwamapaki, izindawo zokuzijabulisa namaqembu.

* U-Eiichi Shibusawa:

U-Eiichi Shibusawa
Kunikezwe ngu-Eiichi Shibusawa: Ishicilelwe kabusha kusuka kuwebhusayithi ye-National Diet Library

Wazalwa ngo-1840 (Tenpo 11) waya epulazini eliseChiaraijima, eFukaya City, eSaitama Prefecture.Ngemuva kwalokho, waba yisikhonzi somndeni wakwaHitotsubashi futhi waya eYurophu njengelungu lezithunywa eParis Expo.Ngemuva kokubuyela eJapan, wacelwa ukuthi ayokhonza uhulumeni waseMeiji. Ngo-1873 (Meiji 6), wesula kuhulumeni waphendukela kwezamabhizinisi.Ubambe iqhaza ekusungulweni nasekuphathweni kwezinkampani ezingaphezu kwama-500 nezinhlangano zezomnotho ezifana ne-Daiichi National Bank, iTokyo Stock Exchange, neTokyo Gas, futhi ibambe iqhaza kumaphrojekthi ezenhlalo angaphezu kuka-600. Lwela "inkolelo yokuhlanganisa ezomnotho".Umsebenzi main "Theory kanye Arithmetic".

Umuntu wobuciko + bee!

Izakhiwo zokwakha zihlonipha imvelo
"Umakhi Kengo Kuma"

UKengo Kuma, umqambi wezakhiwo obambe iqhaza ekwakhiweni kwezakhiwo eziningi ekhaya nakwamanye amazwe, njengeNational Stadium, JR Takanawa Gateway Station, iDallas Rolex Tower e-United States, Victoria & Albert Museum Dundee Annex eScotland, kanye no-Odung Pazar Museum of Art Modern eTurkey.Izakhiwo ezisanda kwaklanywa nguMnu. Kuma yi- "Denenchofu Seseragikan" ezavulwa eDenenchofu Seseragi Park.

Seseragikan Isithombe
Umbono we-panoramic weDenenchofu Seseragikan, embozwe ingilazi ngokuphelele futhi enomuzwa wokuvuleleka ⓒKAZNIKI

Ngicabanga ukuthi isenzo sokuzihambela sinencazelo ecebile.

Ngezwa ukuthi uMnu. Kuma wayefunda enkulisa / esikoleni samabanga aphansi eDenenchofu.Ingabe unezinkumbulo zale ndawo?

"Ngaya eDenenchofu enkulisa nasesikoleni samabanga aphansi iminyaka eyisishiyagalolunye isiyonke. Ngaleso sikhathi, ngangingekho ebhilidini lesikole kuphela, kodwa futhi ngangigijima emadolobheni ahlukahlukene, emapaki, ngasemifuleni, njll. Empeleni, lolu hambo lungcono kakhulu umfula iTama. Kwakuningi. Izinkumbulo zami zobuntwana zigxile kule ndawo. Hhayi kuphela ipaki lokuzijabulisa laseTamagawaen elalisendaweni yeSeseragi Park yamanje, kodwa futhi neTamagawadai Park kanye neSonto LamaKatolika laseDenenchofu elisekhona. ngathi ngikhula noMfula iTama, kunokuba ngihambe le ndawo. "

Waba kanjani umsebenzi endaweni yezinkumbulo?

"Bengicabanga ukuthi le projekthi uqobo lwayo ithakazelisa kakhulu. Ngicabanga ngepaki nokwakhiwa kwayo njengezinto ezihlangene. Akukhona nje ukwakhiwa okuyisakhiwo somtapo wolwazi / somhlangano ... Umqondo wokuthi yipaki elinemisebenzi yomtapo wolwazi / umhlangano Isakhiwo. Esakhiweni somphakathi, izakhiwo ngokwazo zinomsebenzi, kepha umbono kaMnu Ota Ward wawuthi ipaki lalinomsebenzi. Umqondo wokuba yisibonelo sezakhiwo zomphakathi ngokuzayo nangendlela idolobha okufanele libe ngayo. kwesokudla. UMnu. Ota-ku unombono osezingeni eliphezulu kakhulu, ngakho-ke bengifuna ukubamba iqhaza.

Ukwakhiwa kwesakhiwo esisha, iSeseragikan, kuzoshintsha umqondo nokusebenza kwendawo nendawo.

"ISeseragikan ihlanganiswe newa elingasemfuleni elibizwa ngebrashi (umugqa wewa) phambi kwalokhu. Kunendinyana ngaphansi kwebhulashi, futhi kunesikhala lapho ungahamba khona. Ngalesi sikhathi, i-" Seseragikan " Ngicabanga ukuthi ukuhamba kwabantu epaki nakule ndawo kuzoshintsha ngenxa yalokhu, futhi isenzo sokuzihambela uqobo sizoba nencazelo ecebe kakhulu kunakuqala. "

Ngokusungulwa kweSeseragikan, kungakuhle uma abantu abaningi bengafuna ukungena.

"Ngicabanga ukuthi nakanjani kuzokwanda. Ngibona sengathi isenzo sokuhamba kanye nesenzo sokujabulela lesi sikhungo sizokwenziwa sisebenze kanye. Ngaleyo ndlela, isakhiwo somphakathi esijwayelekile kanye nendlela okumele ngabe le ndawo ifanele yehluke ngayo. Ngizwa ukuthi imodeli entsha efana naleyo, lapho izakhiwo zomphakathi ngokwazo zishintsha khona ukuhamba kwabantu endaweni, kungenzeka izalelwe lapha. "

Ukuzizwa uphulukisiwe njengokuhlala kusofa egumbini lokuphumula

Ngaphakathi ehholo ebubula
UDenenchofu Seseragikan (Ngaphakathi) ⓒKAZNIKI

Sicela usitshele ngendikimba nomqondo owuphakamisile walobu buciko.
Okokuqala, sicela usitshele nge "veranda yehlathi".

"Umpheme umaphakathi nje kwehlathi nokwakhiwa kwezakhiwo. Ngicabanga ukuthi amaJapane ake azi ukuthi indawo emaphakathi ibinothe kakhulu futhi ijabulisa kakhulu. Ngekhulu lama-20, isikhala sompheme sanyamalala ngokuqinile. Indlu isiphenduke ibhokisi elivaliwe. Ubudlelwano phakathi kwendlu nensimu buphelile. Lokho kungenza ngibe nesizungu kakhulu futhi ngicabanga ukuthi kulahlekele kakhulu isiko lamaJapane. "

Ngabe kumnandi ukusizakala ngaphakathi nangaphandle?

"Kunjalo. Ngenhlanhla, ngikhulele endlini enompheme, ngakho-ke ngifunda incwadi kuvulandi, ngidlala imidlalo kuvulandi, amabhlokhi okwakha kuvulandi, njll. Ngicabanga ukuthi uma singaphinde siluthole uvulandi futhi, isithombe samadolobha aseJapan sizoshintsha kakhulu. Ngalesi sikhathi, ngazama ukwethula eyami inkinga ngenkinga ngomlando wezakhiwo. "

Umpheme yindawo exhumene nemvelo, ngakho-ke kungakuhle uma singabamba imicimbi yesizini ethile.

"Ngiyethemba ukuthi into efana naleyo izophuma. Ngiyathemba ukuthi abantu abayisebenzisayo bazoqhamuka nezinhlelo eziningi ngokwengeziwe kunalokhu abakucabangayo nohulumeni bacabanga."

UKengo Kuma Photo
UKengo Kuma ku- "Seseragi Bunko" endaweni yokuphumula esitezi sokuqala ⓒ KAZNIKI

Sicela usitshele mayelana "nokuqoqwa kophahla olunemicu elihlangana nehlathi".

"Lesi sakhiwo akusona neze isakhiwo esincane, futhi sinevolumu eningi. Uma usiveza njengoba sinjalo, sizokuba sikhulu kakhulu futhi ibhalansi nehlathi lizoba libi. izingcezu nemichilo ifakiwe.Ngicabange ngokuma okunje.Ngicabanga ukuthi kuzwakala sengathi kuyancibilika ezweni elizungezile.
Ehholo ebubula(ama-eaves)Ama-eaves akhothamele ngasehlathini.Izakhiwo zokwakha zihlonipha imvelo (iyahleka). "

Uphahla lomugqa lwakha uhlobo lokuphakama esikhaleni sangaphakathi.

"Esikhaleni sangaphakathi, uphahla luphakeme noma luphansi, noma emnyango, kubonakala sengathi isikhala sangaphakathi sigugiselwa ngaphandle. Izindawo ezinhlobonhlobo ezinjalo ziyakhiwa. Lesi yisikhala esisodwa esinwetshiwe sisonke. Ngaphakathi, empeleni ungathola izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zesikhala. Ngicabanga ukuthi kwehluke kakhulu ekwakhiweni okuvamile okufana nokwamabhokisi. "

Sicela usitshele mayelana "negumbi lokuhlala edolobheni eligcwele ukufudumala kwezinkuni".Wena uthi ukhethekile ngokhuni.

"Okwamanje, ngisebenzisa ukhuni oluvuniwe phakathi kwezinkuni. Ngifuna bonke abasebenzisi balusebenzise njengegumbi labo lokuphumula. Angicabangi ukuthi kunamakamelo amaningi amahle kakhulu anezindawo eziluhlaza ((Laughs). Kodwa-ke. , Bengifuna ukugcina umuzwa ophumuzayo wegumbi lokuphumula. Kufana negumbi lokuphumula lapho uzizwa khona ithambeka lophahla njengoba lunjalo, hhayi kulesi sakhiwo somphakathi esime njengebhokisi. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngingafunda incwadi kancane endaweni enhle, ngikhulume nabangane bami, woza lapha lapho sengikhathele kancane, futhi ngizizwe ngiphilile njengokuhlala kusofa egumbini lokuphumula.
Ngaleyo nhloso, into endala endala nokuzola kuhle.Emashumini eminyaka edlule, lapho ngiseyingane, kwakhiwa indlu entsha eDenenchofu.Ngivakashele izindlu zabangani abahlukahlukene, kodwa phela izindlu ezindala kunezintsha kanye nalezo esezadlula isikhathi zazikhanga kakhulu. "

Ngiyethemba ungamuzwa uDenenchofu njengomuzi.

Ngicabanga ukuthi ukwakhiwa kothisha wakho kunesihloko sokuhlalisana nemvelo, kepha ngabe kukhona umehluko phakathi kokwakhiwa kwendalo yasemakhaya nemvelo ezindaweni ezisemadolobheni ezifana naseDenenchofu?

"Empeleni, sengiqala ukucabanga ukuthi amadolobha nezindawo ezisemaphandleni azihlukile kangako. Esikhathini esedlule, bekucatshangwa ukuthi amadolobha amakhulu abhekene nezindawo zasemaphandleni. IDenenchofu yindawo edumile yokuhlala eJapan. Kodwa-ke umqondo, ngicabanga ukuthi uyindawo enhle yasemakhaya. Okujabulisa iTokyo ukuthi kufana neqoqo lamadolobhana anobuntu obuhlukahlukene. Umsuka wokuqala wedolobha lase-Edo uyindawo eyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu. Inendawo eyindilinga eyinkimbinkimbi ongavamile ukuyibona amadolobha amakhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni, futhi kunesiko elihluke ngokuphelele emaphethelweni nasezigodini zalesosibaya.Uma uhambisa umgwaqo owodwa noma umqolo, isiko elihlukile liseduze kwakho.Ngicabanga ukuthi ukwehluka okunjalo yintelezi yaseTokyo.Lapho kunezindawo ezahlukahlukene kule ndawo yasemakhaya, efana nedolobha noma isigodi. ESeseragikan, ungayijabulela indawo yasemakhaya njengendawo. Ngiyethemba ukuthi niyayizwa. "

Iphrofayili


Ⓒ KAZNIKI

Wazalwa ngo-1954.Uqedile uMnyango Wezokwakha, iYunivesithi yaseTokyo. Ngo-1990 Kwasungulwa iKengo Kuma & Associates Architects kanye ne-Urban Design Office.Ngemuva kokusebenza njengoprofesa e-University of Tokyo, njengamanje unguprofesa okhethekile kanye noprofesa osafufusa e-University of Tokyo.
Ngemuva kokushaqiswa yiKoyo Tange i-Yoyogi Indoor Stadium, ayibona kuma-Olympic aseTokyo ngo-1964, wahlose ukuba ngumdwebi wamapulani kusukela esemncane.Eyunivesithi, wafunda ngaphansi kukaHiroshi Hara noYoshichika Uchida.Ngemuva kokusebenza njengomcwaningi ovakashele eColumbia University, wasungula iKengo Kuma & Associates e1990.Usungule ukwakhiwa kwamazwe emazweni angaphezu kwama-20 (i-Architectural Institute of Japan Award, i-International Wood Architecture Award evela eFinland, i-International Stone Architecture Award evela e-Italy, njll.) Futhi uthole imiklomelo eyahlukahlukene ekhaya naphesheya.Sihlose ukwakheka okuhlangana nemvelo namasiko endawo, siphakamisa umklamo wesilinganiso sabantu, omnene futhi othambile.Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngokufuna izinto ezintsha zokufaka ukhonkolo nensimbi, siphishekela indlela ekahle yokwakha ngemuva komphakathi osuthuthukile.

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